Roles in all segments and in diverse productive chains
Sustainability and environmental impact are growing concerns
The major in Veterinary Medicine aims the formation of professionals with a general profile and, additionally, has theformation characteristic of focusing in professionalizing practical activities, r by the rotation system in different nosocomial areas and farms during the fourth year, and supervised internships in students’ areas of interest during the fifth year of the program.
Veterinarians work in all segments of animal husbandry, facing the challenge of increasing the efficiency of this economic primary sector by guaranteeing the sanity, well-being and performance of the stocks.ck.
They are responsible for the implantation of adequate and feasible sanitation programs in systems of animal production which basically involve the prevention and control of diseases. These are thoroughly achieved by supplying proper nutrition and providing installations, equipment and environmental conditions that are favorable for a humanitarian, productive and sustainable animal exploitation .
Still in this field of work, the professional is responsible for the increase of production and productivity of breeding utilizing reproduction and genetics, improvement techniques which increasingly achieve the selection and breeding of more productive animals. The veterinarian's role extends itself through all the segments of diverse productive chains of animal products, being notorious his participation in the production of basic products like meat, milk and its derivatives.
In these fields of work, veterinarians are involved from the planning and production process itself, to the benefitting and consumption of the final products that are essential to survival, health and well-being of men. This extensive and eclectic trajectory trailed by the animal product, including the stages of industrialization, storing and distribution, requires broad knowledge and skills that are inherent to the veterinary professional, who works from the production to the inspection and sanitary vigilance of animal products, aiming to meet humanity's progressive demand with quantity and quality. Brazil has the world’s largest bovine livestock and an aviculture industry of high-level technology, putting it in a notorious position among the world leaders in terms of meat exportation.
To maintain these standards it is essential to keep a high level of sanity of the stocks and protect them towards exotic diseases, as well as to fight the diseases that constitute a sanitary impediment for exportation. It is important to mention that all the activities for animal defense that include vaccination campaigns, inspection, control and sanitary vigilance are of exclusive and non-delegable competence of the State and the veterinarian.
It is also the veterinarian's job to fight zoonoses, that is, the diseases that affect animals and human beings as well. This is accomplished by developing activities to control these diseases, therapeutical or preventive, combined with educational practices about hygiene and legal and humanitarian responsibilities that result from the maintenance or possession of animals, the veterinary medicine professionals work directly in favor of the health of the community they belong to.
The veterinarian prevents the transmission of diseases from animals to men, contributes to increase the level of sanitary education of the population, and fights against mistreatment attempting to minimize the suffering inflicted to animals. Alongside with the production sector and public health, the veterinarian experiences a privileged moment, with the demand of companion animals, guard dogs, and even service animals, as for example the animals used in the handling of cattle in farms.
UNESP offers the major in Veterinary Medicine in the cities of Araçatuba, Botucatu e Jaboticabal. In all of them, there is an increasing concen about sustainability and environmental impacts resulting from animal husbandry in general, where new techniques and studies are being applied in terms of chemical and biological residue management, as well as excrements and waste produced in the animal ranches.
In addition to the basic and professionalizing disciplines that offer training and honing internships, subjects in the area of Humanities are taught, which, along with other correlated activities, contribute to the holistic formation of the student.
The units stimulate the participation of the students in scientific, technological research and community service through internship in programs and projects conducted by their professors and other researchers. In addition to that, they have the possibility to be part of study groups that are coordinated by a professor.
The three universities have veterinary hospitals, where students, supervised by teachers, provide clinical and surgical service to small animals (dogs and cats), large-sized animals (ovine, bovine, equine, swine and caprine) and wild animals. The programs require curricular internship to conclude. The university also has programs of veterinarian residency and Master’s and Doctoral programs.
With the growing number of majored students in Veterinary Medicine resulting from the creation of new units of higher education in Brazil, studying in institutions of recognized competence is prominent to assure better conditions in the job market, and the performance of UNESP's majors in ENADE (National Exam of Students Performance) puts them amid the best in the country.