Medical Physics

Students are educated about several therapeutic techniques

Brazil needs at least 1,800 medical physicists

One of the most promising fields of physics, which is medical physics, offered by UNESP at the campus located in Botucatu, deals with specific and general concepts and techniques of physics applied to biology and medicine. It's an area that communicates with many other ones. Therefore, its professional needs solid knowledge about physics, math, computer science, and chemistry. Additionally, it is also crucial to have knowledge on anatomy, cellular and tissue biology, pharmacology, and physiology, as well as many other disciplines. Medical Physics works through models, agents, methods, and physics procedures for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment of diseases, control, and development of equipment for biomedical tests.

It also applies concepts from several therapeutic and diagnostic techniques, providing new technologies and establishing criteria for the appliance of physical agents in the medical area.

The job market is currently growing for the medical physicists. It is estimated that Brazil currently needs at least 1,800 medical physicists; a figure that was obtained from analyzing developed countries for comparison purposes.

This demand is understandable. The medical physicist works alongside other professionals, with the development base units of biomedical variables, such as equipment calibration, measurements for the control of radiation protection, and quality control of pieces of equipment used for medical purposes.

Medical physicists often used in diagnostic and interventional radiology, nuclear medicine, radiotherapy, radiosurgery, radiation protection, radiation metrology, biomagnetism, radiobiology, digital signal and biomedical images processing, and epidemiology clinics.

This professional may work in several areas: as a professor in a university; as a researcher in many institutions, generating new information and methods to be used in medical diagnosis and treatments; and working in medical centers (clinics and hospitals), where they will team up with other health professionals, or in medical equipment manufacturing companies, providing technical assistance.

They may also work in companies specialized in quality control of technological equipment, in radiation control projects (helping with the transportation of radioactive materials or radiation protection), in institutes responsible for controlling ionizing radiation, or even in health surveillance bodies and in the diagnosis equipment industry. There’s also the possibility of giving training courses for qualified technical personnel (radiology professionals and radiotherapy).

The medical physicist is essential for the development and appliance of several pieces of equipment - such as X-ray scanners, nuclear magnetic resonance and scintigraphy machines - and for the appliance of techniques that involve lasers. Besides, this professional may work with radiotherapy planning or with radiation protection for health professionals. He is qualified to evaluate, for instance, the efficiency of the protection against radiation. If they decide to get a master's degree, they may work in universities and research centers.

Where to study - Cities

Campus Period No. of Seats Duration
Botucatu Morning and Afternoon 40 4 years


Instituto de Biociências - IB

Bairro: Distrito de Rubião Junior S/N
18618-970 - Botucatu, SP
Phone: (14) 3811 6000