Brazil has a wide variety of inland and coastal environments
The professional works on planning, directing, managing and orienting the fishing
The fishing engineer is the professional of the agronomic sciences responsible for planning, directing, managing and orienting the extractive fishing and aquaculture of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic plants, through their different steps. He/she is also responsible for planning and establishing new techniques of exploitation, storing, transportation, processing and commercialization of the final products of the fishing industry.
The major in Fishing Engineering of the UNESP in Registro was established considering the lack of an undergraduate program with similar education in the state of São Paulo, the regional potential of Vale do Ribeira and Iguape-Cananeia’s Lake Estuary and Brazil’s potential for the production of fishing resources. Also, the country has a wide variety of inland and coastal environments, estuaries, dams, weirs, rivers, bays and bights that contribute for the potential and expansion of aquiculture in Brazil. The major will provide the professional with a theoretical-practical foundation between biological, exact and human sciences to comprehend the aquicultural production systems and extractive fishing, while considering economic, social and environmental aspects.
Taking that into account, it is expected that future professionals can contribute so that Brazil becomes one of the top fish producers in the world, offering quality protein meat and generating millions of new work places, jobs and income. Therefore, the access of population with low income to this quality protein is facilitated, in addition to contributing to the sustainable development of this important activity.
The Ministry of Fisheries says that Brazil has enormous potential as a fishing resources producer and can become one of the top producers in the world.
In addition to that, the country has favorable weather to grow cultivated organisms and uncountable native species that are potentially cultivatable — fish, mollusks, crustaceans, aquatic plants, reptiles and amphibians. There’s great potential for the growth of deep-sea fishing in Zona Econômica Exclusiva and international waters, like tuna, anchovy and others.
In 2009, according to data from FAO, the Brazilian production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks was, by capture, of 825.412 T, while 415.636 T by aquiculture, which together, represent only 0.86% of the world production of 144.598.778 T. With this production, Brazil reached the 15th place in the production rank. FAO calculates an increase in the world consumption of fish in 2030 from the present 16 kg/person/year to 22,5 kg/person/year, which will represent an increase in the total consumption of more than 100 million tons/year.
In Brazil, the average consumption is only 7 kg/person/year, which also tends to increase, since the fish is being considered an excellent font of animal protein and other nutrients. In order to reach by 2012 the expected fish consumption calculated by FAO, considering the 195 million Brazilians, 3,12 millions/T/year of fish would be necessary, which is way over the Brazilian fish production.
Even though the panorama is favorable, scientists that work with fishing affirm that the marine fishing production is not capable of growing. As a consequence, an alternative to increase production would be the establishment of fish cultivation systems.
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Câmpus de Registro
Address: Av. Nelson Brihi Badur, 430, Vila Tupy
11.900-000 - Registro, SP
Translation: Caio Rolim